A paradigm is a pattern of something or one that serves as a pattern or model. Or you can say its a way of doing something like a programming but not a concrete thing like a language! Basically, there are a lot of programming languages in the market but all of them need to follow some strategy when they are implemented and that strategy is a paradigm.
As the name itself is saying — “a style of programming based on a particular model of computation”. This does not refer to any specific language, but rather it refers to the “way” you program.
Again as the name says — “ which supports more then one paradigm” :)
Major types of programming paradigm:
There are lots of programming paradigm to fulfil the demand of the problem.
1- Imperative Programming Paradigm
1.a- Procedural Programming Paradigm
1.b- Object-Oriented Programming Paradigm
1.c- Parallel Programming Paradigm
2- Declarative Programming Paradigm
2.a- Logic Programming Paradigm
2.b- Functional Programming Paradigm
2.c- Database Programming Paradigm